The base is original from the producer (chords and melodies), but is complemented with elements that complement the song that come from samplepacks, usually, vocal chops, guitars, wobbles sections, glitch effects. It is the standard in which most of producers work, in a project you will find MIDI files made by the producer, but also melodic loops.
Only one synth loop was used in this beat.
Sample pack Cymatics - Astro Hip Hop Sample Pack - Melody Loops
Loop name Cymatics - Astro Roundabout Melody Loop - 140 BPM F Min